Bihar Assembly Election

Bihar Assembly Election Results 2015

Pie chart showing party wise 2015 election results for Bihar. Also shown along are 2010 pie chart showing the number of seats won by BJP, JD(U), RJD and Others.
    Bihar Assembly 2015 Party Wise Results
Created with Highcharts 3.0.10Chart context menuRJD(80)JD(U)(71)BJP(53)INC(27)LJP(2)RLSP(2)HAM(S)(1)OTHERS(7)BJP(53)Total Leading/Winning: 53
   Bihar Assembly 2010 Party Wise Results
Created with Highcharts 3.0.10Chart context menuJD(U)(115)BJP(91)RJD(22)OTHERS(15)BJP(91)Total leading/winning: 91

Bihar Election Results 2015 Summary

The state assembly elections in 2015 saw the coming together of JD(U), RJD, and Congress for the first time. This Grand Alliance was voted to a thumping victory. While JD(U) bagged 71 seats, RJD and Congress won 80 and 27 seats respectively. BJP's previous tally of 91 was reduced to almost half as the party managed to win only 53 seats. While Hindustani Awam Morcha got one seat, Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) and Rashtriya Lok Samata Party (RLSP) won two seats each. The independent parties managed to get four out of 243 seats. Nitish Kumar was appointed the chief minister of Bihar for the fifth time and RJD Chief Lalu Prasad Yadav's son, Tejaswi Yadav, became the deputy chief minister. He had contested from Raghopur constituency.

About Bihar Elections History

Bihar, the 12th largest state in India in terms of geographical area, is situated in North India. The constitutional head of Bihar is the Governor, who is appointed by the President of India. The real execution powers rest with the Chief Minister, who is democratically elected by the people of the state.

Bihar has been a prominent state since the pre-independence era. The state has conducted elections in accordance with the Indian Constitution. To create law and order in the state and build a local body, elections have been held at regular intervals in accordance with the Indian laws and as approved by the Indian Parliament. Bihar is one of the major political centres of the Indian politics and considered as an important state. A number of prominent politicians from Bihar have contributed to the development of the nation. The state has 40 parliamentary constituencies. There are 243 legislative assembly constituencies in Bihar.

The Bihar electoral system consists of the national level representation, the Lok Sabha delegation and the Rajya Sabha delegation. The state level representation of Bihar comprises the legislative assembly and the legislative council. Elections are held regularly to form government that can govern the state.

Administrative Structure of Bihar

The administrative structure of Bihar is divided into nine divisions and 38 districts. The nine divisions are Patna, Tirhut, Saran, Darbhanga, Kosi, Purnia, Bhagalpur, Munger and Magadh. The state has a bicameral legislature comprising the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) – the upper house, and the Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) – the lower house.

Bihar Legislative Assembly

The Bihar legislative assembly is also known as the Bihar Vidhan Sabha. With an act of the Parliament that was named the Bihar Reorganisation Act 2000, the Bihar legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members. The legislative assembly is not a permanent body and can be dissolved. The tenure of the legislative assembly is five years and the members are elected by the people. Every year three sessions are held; namely, Budget, Monsoon and Winter. The legislative assembly elections were held in six phases in 2010 and conducted in October and November. Phase I covered 47 seats, Phase II covered 45 seats, Phase III covered 48 seats, Phase IV covered 42 seats, Phase V covered 35 seats and Phase VI covered 26 seats. The current Speaker of the legislative assembly is Honourable Shri Uday Narain Choudhary. He was elected unanimously for the second time in 2010. He was also elected in 2005 as a Speaker of the legislative assembly in Bihar. The Leader of the House is Shri Nitish Kumar who is also the Chief Minister of Bihar. The Leader of the Opposition is Shri Amrendra Pratap Singh.

The term of Bihar legislative assembly is nearing expiry in November 2015. The total of 243 assembly seats includes seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. The seats for scheduled castes are 38 and for scheduled tribes are two.

Bihar State Assembly Election Results

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Created with Highcharts 3.0.10Chart context menu Assembly Seats2015807153RJDJD(U)BJP0100255075JD(U) : 71 seats Voteshare: 16.80% votes
Created with Highcharts 3.0.10Chart context menuAssembly Seats20101159122JD(U)BJPRJD0255075100125JD(U) : 115 seats Voteshare: 38.77% votes
Created with Highcharts 3.0.10Chart context menuAssembly SeatsFeb 2005755537RJDJD(U)BJP0255075100JD(U) : 55 seats Voteshare: 35.64% votes

Bihar Bye Election Results 2014

The assembly by-polls to fill casual vacancies in Bihar legislative assembly were held on 21 August 2014. The 10 constituencies where polling took place were Narkatiaganj, Rajnagar (SC), Jale, Chapra, Hajipur, Mohiuddinnagar, Parbatta, Bhagalpur, Banka and Mohania (SC). The by-elections were necessitated due to the election of some members to the Lok Sabha and resignation of others.

The posts from Chapra, Bhagalpur, Hajipur, Mohania and Narkatiaganj assembly constituencies were left vacant as the MLAs from these constituencies were elected in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. These MLAs included Janardan Singh Sigriwal from Chapra, Ashwani Kumar Choubey from Bhagalpur, Nityanand Rai from Hajipur, Chhedi Paswan from Mohania and Satish Chandra Dubey from Narkatiaganj constituency.

Samrat Choudhary of Parbatta, Ram Lakhan Ram Raman of Rajnagar (SC) and Javed Iqbal Ansari of Banka resigned from their posts, thus leaving the seats vacant. All three of them rebelled against their party, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD). Later, they were nominated to the legislative council in Jitan Ram Manjhi's government.

Vijay Mishra and Rana Gangeshwar Singh, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) members from Jale and Mohiuddinnagar constituencies respectively, resigned after a split in NDA thus necessitating by-polls. BJP emerged as the most successful party winning four of the 10 seats that went for by-polls. RJD bagged three of the seats, while Janata Dal (United) (JD(U)) settled for two. The Indian National Congress (INC) had to be content with just one.

Bihar Legislative Council

The Bihar Legislative Council is the upper house of the state government. All the states that have a bicameral legislature consist of an upper house also known as the Vidhan Parishad. In 2010, the Indian Parliament passed an act that was meant to re-establish the legislative council for a seventh state. It is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The term for each member of the legislative council is for six years. The body of the legislative council is around one-third of the Vidhan Sabha or the legislative assembly. The members should be fewer than 40 in number. One-third members are elected by the local bodies like the corporations, zilla parishads and municipalities. One-third members are elected by the legislative assembly members from those who are not members of the assembly. One-twelfth members are elected persons who are graduates of three years’ standing residing in the state. Another one-twelfth members get elected from those who are engaged for three years in educational institutions in the state. One-sixth members are nominated by the Governor from people who are experts in the field of science, arts, social service, literature and co-operative movement. The Chairman and the Deputy Chairman are elected by the elected members of the legislative council.

After the independence of India, the Bihar Legislative Council has come forward to work for public welfare. On 1 April 1950, the Secretariat of the BLC started functioning. Shri Nitish Kumar, Rabri Devi and Sushil Kumar Modi were elected unopposed to the Bihar Legislative Council that was held on 19 April 2012. A total of 11 candidates were elected unopposed for the legislative council in the biennial elections. The Chairman of the legislative council is Shir Awdhesh Narayan Singh.

Bihar Major Political Parties

Janata Dal (United): The JD (U) is considered to be in the centre-left of the political spectrum and has strong political base in Bihar and Jharkhand. The current form of the party started taking shape after the merger of the Janata Dal’s Sharad Yadav faction, the Samata Party, and the Lok Shakti Party on October 30, 2003. The JD (U) had a 17-year-old alliance with the BJP and was an important component of the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA). However, it broke away from the BJP for elevating Narendra Modi as NDA's Prime Ministerial candidate in 2013. The three ideological tenets of Janata Dal (United) are secularism, integral humanism and socialism. Sharad Yadav is the chairperson of the party. The JD (U)'s election symbol is arrow. The party had won 20 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, while it could manage a mere two seats in 2014.

Rashtriya Janata Dal:The RJD is largely based in Bihar and was founded by Lalu Prasad Yadav in 1997. In terms of caste-and religion-based politics, Muslims and Yadavs are its main vote banks. The basic ideological tenets theoretically followed by the party include values of social justice, secularism, and equality. Lalu not only became the Chief Minister of the state but also came to be known as one of the most successful Railway Ministers of India. Keeping the Lok Sabha elections of 2014 and the Bihar assembly election of 2015 in mind, the RJD started the Parivartan Rally. Lalu Prasad Yadav is the chairperson as well as the leader of the party in Lok Sabha. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the RJD won four seats. The number did not change for the RJD in 2014 as well. The election symbol of the party is lantern.

Indian National Congress:The Indian National Congress' Bihar unit is called Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee (BPCC) and is headquartered at Sadaqat Ashram in Patna, Bihar. Ashok Choudhary is its president in Bihar. It has many frontal organisations such as the Bihar Pradesh Youth Congress (BPYC), the Bihar Pradesh Congress Seva Dal (BPCSD), the Bihar Pradesh Congress INTUC and the Bihar Pradesh Congress NSUI. In 2009 and 2014, the party won two seats each time. The election symbol of the INC is palm

Bharatiya Janata Party:The BJP has considerable strength in Bihar. This state is among some of those states where the Narendra Modi factor has worked strongly. Bihar BJP's state president is Mangal Pandey. The General Secretary of the Bihar BJP is Dharmendra Pradhan, who is also an MP. The frontal organisations of the BJP are the Bharatiya Janata Mazdoor Morcha, the Kisan Morcha, the Minority Morcha, the Mahila Morcha, the S.C. Morcha, the S.T. Morcha and the Yuva Morcha.

A major blow to the state party was dealt by Tarakant Jha, a veteran leader of BJP who severed his ties with the BJP and joined the Janata Dal (United).

Lok Jan Shakti Party- is headed by Ram Vilas Paswan

Hindustani Awam Morcha: Former Chief Minister of Bihar Jiten Ram Manjhi, who broke away from JD(U) following his resignation, founded the party on 8 May 2015.

Following are the Prominent Local Parties in Bihar:

1. Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha 2. Bajjikanchal Vikas Party 3. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Mazdoor Congress
4. Janata Party 5. Republican Party of India

Parliamentary Constituencies in Bihar

There are 40 parliamentary constituencies in Bihar. Following are the parliamentary constituencies in Bihar:

Valmiki Nagar, Sheohar, Jhanjharpur, Paschim Champaran, Purvi Champaran, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Supaul, Araria, Kishangani, Katihar, Purnia, Madhepura, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Gopalgani, Siwan, Maharajganj, Saran, Hajipur, Ujiarpur, Samastipur, Begusarai, Khagaria, Bhagalpur, Banka, Munger, Nalanda, Patna Sahib, Pataliputra, Arrah, Buxar, Sasaram, Karakat, Jahanabad, Aurangabad, Gaya, Nawada and Jamui.

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